Liberation

“True liberation is not that pseudo-independence in which ministers having a limited responsibility hobnob with an economy dominated by the colonial past. Liberation is the total destruction of the colonial system.”

“For Fanon, revolution was part of the process of the regeneration of man and society, of self-liberation and rebirth. Only through revolution could a suppressed people undo the effects of
colonisation. As a psychiatrist, Fanon was particularly interested in the psychological effects which revolution would have on the colonised man. For true liberation to occur, he asserted, independence must be taken, not merely granted; it must be the work of the oppressed themselves. It was through the actual struggle that liberation would come, restoring integrity and pride, as well as the past and the future. ‘True liberation is not that pseudo-independence in which ministers having a limited responsibility hobnob with an economy dominated by the colonial past. Liberation is the total destruction of the colonial system.’ The oppressed must bring all their resources into play because the struggle is at once total and absolute. The African revolution, and the larger liberation struggle of colonial
people everywhere, is the fundamental characteristic of the advance of
history in this century, according to Cabral. Such a revolution means
the transformation of life in the direction of progress which, in turn,
means national independence, eliminating all foreign domination, and
carefully selecting friends and watching enemies to ensure progress. ‘The national liberation of a people is the regaining of the historical personality of that people, its return to history through the destruction of the imperialist domination to which it was subjected.’ A people must free the process of development of the national productive forces. Thus the struggle is not only against colonialism, but against neo-colonialism as well.”

Fanon and Cabral: A Contrast in Theories of Revolution for Africa
Author(s): Robert Blackey

See also: Richard Pithouse:

https://mg.co.za/article/2016-04-07-violence-what-fanon-really-said

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The blogger “intlibecosoc” (Notes toward an International Libertarian Eco-Socialism) comments that,

“(For Herbert Marcuse)… modern psychology functions to emphasize social control and adjustment of individuals to extant social conditions rather than social change aimed at overturning the very institutions that perpetuate human alienation, madness, and oppression: colonialism, racism, capitalism, and the State, to name a few examples. Mainstream psychology can thus at best serve as little more than a “bandaging operation” to contain the unassimilated.—Read More:http://intlibecosoc.wordpress.com/2012/02/08/frantz-fanon-and-the-psychology-of-oppression/

“After European colonialism came internal colonialism. Its as if Veblen’s hierarchy and socially stratified pecking order as base impulse will repeat the template by transforming itself within new contexts, replicating the dynamic in spite of what hoary socialist rhetoric may declare. Independence is not enough, Fanon warns: after the liberation of the territory must come the socialist revolution.”

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